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Archaeology

Stone sheepfolds

Mystery Surrounds Centuries-Old Sheepfolds

Centuries-old circular stone sheepfolds can be found across Iceland. Some think they are reminiscent of Celtic architecture and there has been speculation about whether they were used for purposes other than sheltering sheep.

Viking sword.

Viking Sword on Display

Sunday, October 9, you’ll have a chance to see the Viking sword, recently discovered in South Iceland, with your own eyes.

Archaeology.

Viking Left Home without ID

Archaeologists have found the bottom of a grave in the land of Ytri-Ásar in Skaftárhreppur, South Iceland, where a Viking sword and human bones were recently discovered.

Viking Sword.

Viking Sword Owner Suggested

University of Iceland History Professor Gunnar Karlsson suggests the sword discovered by goose hunters in South Iceland may have belonged to the priest and chieftain Hróar Tungugoði.

Eldvatn

Viking Sword Puzzles Archaeologists

Today, archaeologists from the Cultural Heritage Agency of Iceland and a specialist in human bones came to Eldvatn lake, South Iceland, where a sword from the Viking Age was discovered last weekend.

Hrafnseyri við Arnarfjörð

Saga-Age Ramparts and Tunnel Identified

Remains of a structural wall and a short tunnel from the twelfth century, which are mentioned in the Sagas of the Icelanders, appear to have been found using geophysical surveying at Hrafnseyri, by Arnarfjörður in the West Fjords.

From Reykjavík.

Grave Dig Gives Window on Past

Following Iceland’s adoption of Christianity in around 1000 AD, it is believed a church was built on the present-day corner of Aðalstræti and Kirkjustræti in Reykjavík. 800 years’ worth of Reykjavík residents are buried in the graveyard, which is now being excavated.

The settlement farm in Þjórsárdalur, South Iceland.

South Iceland Hopes for Second UNESCO Heritage Site

A group calling itself the ‘Friends of Keldur in Rangárvellir’ wants to renovate the farm’s secret underground tunnel, a centuries-old outhouse and generally improve maintenance of the South Iceland site with over a thousand years of human history—with the aim of it becoming a UNESCO World...

An archaeological excavation site by Hólakirkja church in Hólar, North Iceland.

Archaeologists Believe Monks Did Not Share Churches

Ongoing archaeological research into old monastic cloisters in Iceland is indicating that parish churches were not also used as churches for the cloisters, as had usually been assumed. It appears the monks preferred to build their own churches or chapels.

An archaeological excavation site by Hólakirkja church in Hólar, North Iceland.

Archaeologists Believe They Have Found Lost Cloister

It is believed the remains of the much-searched-for Þykkvabær cloister may have been found. Icelandic and British archaeologists saw the remains of a very large building yesterday, using ultrasound techniques, at Álftaver in South Iceland.

Seljalandsfoss waterfall, seen from across a field.

South Iceland Cave Made before Settlement

Archaeologist Kristján Ahronson has concluded that Kverkarhellir, a manmade cave between waterfall Seljalandsfoss and farm Seljaland in South Iceland, was partly created around 800 AD, before the settlement of Iceland, which, according to sources, began in 874.

A beach in Strandir, the West Fjords

Ancient Walrus Bones Studied in Iceland

The Icelandic Institute of Natural History and the University of Iceland have signed an agreement on joint research of the ancient biology of walruses in Iceland. Up to 2,000-year-old walrus bones have been found in Iceland, especially in the western part of the country.

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